A Primer on Ice

L. Ridgway Scott. 16 April, 2021.
Communicated by L. Ridgway Scott.


Water adopts many different crystal structures in its solid form. These provide insight into potential structures of water even in its liquid phase, and they can be used to calibrate pair potentials used for simulation of water. In crowded biological environments, water may behave more like ice than bulk water. The different ice structures have different dielectric properties. This brief primer is intended to facilitate further research. The only novelty may be regarding an infinite number of ice I structures.

Original Document

The original document is available in PDF (uploaded 16 April, 2021 by L. Ridgway Scott).